Wednesday, July 08, 2020

Pavia 1524

This scenario is based on Pavia 1525.  I found several accounts of the battle & found that some were so totally different they seemed like a different battle.  This scenario is loosely based on Oman's version with the OOBs heavily influenced by what figures we have.  Mike commanded the Imperialists & Jim the French.
The French are besieging Pavia.  The Imperialist relief force was camped beyond the Vernacular Brook running along the far end of the table, faced by the French line of contravallation.  Other French forces were camped around the city.  The Imperialists successfully made an overnight flank march & at dawn the French found their enemy on their side of the brook on their flank.
 The Imperialist army advanced on the main French force beside the brook, pike & shot on their left, cavalry on their right & halbardiers in reserve.  The French army's Swiss pike men & some halbardiers deployed to face them with arquebusiers in front & cavalry on their flank.  More French are on the move from the far end of the table.
 The Imperialist cavalry attack the French cavalry in the centre.
The cavalry fight is inconclusive, but the Imperialist cavalry draw back as French mounted crossbowmen & arquebusiers deploy on their flank. Next to the brook arquebusiers & crossbowmen exchange fire in front of the pike blocks.
The Imperialists have pulled their right back to a new line facing the French left while their crossbowmen have driven off the French arquebusiers beside the brook.  The first charge of the Landsknechts pikemen has been repelled by the Swiss pikes. 
In the centre, the French cavalry is neutralised by a string of pike blocks with arquebusiers lurking behind & in the woods.  Beside the brook the Swiss are about to break.  On the far flank the French left has finally closed on the Imperialist right.
The French right is broken.  Their only hope now is for their left to break through.  The pikes & shot on he end of their line are forcing the Imperialist cavalry back but the Landsknecht swordsmen have beaten off the first charge of the French halbardiers. 
A counterattack by the Landsknecht swordsmen has broken the French attack kicking their losses up to 50% so the French fail their Army Break test.  So we have an Imperialist victory like the real thing.

The French probably blew it when they failed to follow up the retreat of the Imperialist cavalry.  They thought the infantry coming on from the left would deal with the Imperialist right flank while the cavalry could support their right.  But the cavalry was rendered ineffective by a line of pike blocks with shot support & the Imperialists had time to put up a sound defence on their right.

Friday, June 26, 2020

Friday afternoon Men o' War

4 British ships (John) v. 4 French (Jim)
The French fleet is in the foreground with the wind on their port quarter.  The Brits have the wind on their starboard beam.
The French get some long range but unopposed shots on British rear ship.
The French turn as the Brits take cover behind an island.
The fleets converge close hauled on opposite tacks.   The British concentrated their fire on the lead French ship inflicting such heavy damage that it tried to tack away, but the crew missed the tack, were taken aback so pounded at point blank range by the lead two British ships they struck their colours.
The lead French ship with colours struck has drifted downwind leaving the 2nd ship now with it's T also crossed.
The 2nd French ship has struck its colours & turned out of the line as the British van laps around the French rear.   In this close in each.
The remaining two French ships break off the action running off to the right.    The two ships furthest from the camera are the struck French ships.  The British ships have a lot of rigging damage & can't pursue, but claim a clear victory with 2 prizes.

The French got the advantage early, but better British seamanship saw them nail all their tacks to get an advantage while the failed tack of the French flagship ruined their battle plan.

Tuesday, June 23, 2020

Modder Fokkers: WWI Air

Game 1: 
Steve, Dale & Mike with 2 Fokker DVII & 1 Pfalz
v.
Nick, Chris & Ross with a Camel, a SPAD & a Bristol Fighter.
The battle started with random deployment around the table which put two Brits at the far end of the table, two Germans on the LH side & one of each at the near end.   the two at the near end zoomed past each other as a dog fight started at the other end.
Practicing social distancing.
Nick's Camel copped a lot of damage, broke off & ran for home, but Mike's Pfalz stuck to it's tail.
The Bristol & SPAD fought on, inflicting enough damage to make one Fokker break off, but after the Bristol joined the Camel on the deck, the SPAD used it's horsepower to escape.

Game 2:
The Handley Page has to fly the length of the table through a flock of Fokkers with an escort of 2 Camels.

 The size of the model caused some practical problems in the game, but it sure looked good.
One of the Camels went down, then one Fokker chased the remaining Camel while the others latched onto the tail of the bomber.
The Fokkers all suffered damage, but it was the bomber that went down & the surviving Camel bolted for home.

As always with Modder Fokkers, good fun games.








Tuesday, June 16, 2020

Bolt Action in the Desert with room to move

Jim's Afrika Korps & Dale's Italians v. Mike's 8th Army.
Approx 1,550 pts each on 10'x6' table - reinforced platoons with extra armour.
A small Italian force occupies an oasis & village in the centre of the table.  A British mechanised column is coming on at one end of the table & a German Mechanised column is coming on the other end.  The winner will be the side holding the village after 7 or 8 turns.
Apart from the Italians all forces are mechanised.
The table - pic taken from the British end.  (The rest of the pics are from the German end).
After two turns both sides have advanced as fast as they could. 
While the tanks exchange ineffective long range shots, the British infantry have already taken the walled field from the Italians.
One German infantry squad is pinned down on the ridge by the 25pdr, the others are moving up to the village on the right.  The Brits have taken the house on the right, but the Italians still hold the centre house, fortunate that the British infantry on the ridge has been pinned down by Panzer MG fire & bad order test dice.
On the right the Pak 38 helped the 2 MkIII's take out the Sherman & Honey.  On the left one MkIII has been knocked out, but it did it's job distracting the Shermans from the main game in the village where the German infantry are now counterattacking. 
By turn 7 the Afrika Korps have retaken the both ends of the village while the Italians have held onto its centre.  The Brits concede.

Mechanised forces on a big open table are a nice change from the usual cramped BA battlefield & it's highly recommended.

Saturday, June 13, 2020

Bolt Action in the Jungle

John brought his Japanese around for a Friday afternoon game v. Jim's Australians.
Hold Until Relieved scenario, Australins defending
After some hot shooting on turn 1, the dice deserted the Japanese,  with late arrival or reserves as well as poor shooting.  The Japanese did manage to occupy the objective hut in the centre of the table for a time, but couldn't hold onto it. An Australian win.

Tuesday, June 09, 2020

Marengo Campaign

About 21st April we started a Marengo Campaign.  See blog report of 28 April for general details.  I have been unable to write much in the way of reports on the campaign because it includes hidden movement & there was much I could not say.   But now the campaign has ended I can prvide a full report on it.
The campaign started with the troops in roughly the same positions as the originals on 14 May 1800a as per Esposito's Atlas of the Napoleonic Wars.  The corps sizes were roughly based on Esposito, but not exactly, to present the players with a bit of uncertainty.

The French main army moved towards Lombardy on 3 routes.  Bonaparte with Lannes, Duhesme, Besieres & Murat down the Great St Bernard, Victor on the Simplon & Moncey on the St Gothard.  The Austrians had forts on the passes.  Corps Haddick was on the St Bernard but retreated before the French.  Fort Bard put up some resistance (as it did historically), but surrendered when Bonaparte's artillery arrived.  It was a similar story on the Simplon & Gothard where Corps Vussosovich withdrew without a fight leaving small garrisons in the forts.

Bonapart advanced to the 5-ways at Vercelli & paused his infantry while he sent out his cavalry to find the Austrians.  On finding that Vukassovich was retreating southwards towards Alessandria, Bonaparte sprang into action.  Vukassovich was trapped between Lannes & Victor.  In the battle of Novara described on the blog a few weeks back Vukassovich fought his way around Victor's left flank.  Only to march straight into the Corps of Duhesme.  He has no choice but to surrender with his 8,000 men on June 2.

Down south in Genoa, Massena & his men were beseiged by General Ott.  Ott attacked twice before finally breaking into the city on May 29.   (The real Massena held out a week longer).

On the Riveria, Suchet advanced to find the Austrians in a position at Ventimiglia too strong to attack.  Both forces then retreated. The Austrians fell back to an even stronger line at Port Maurice.  But Suchet marched north up the Col de Tenda.

Meanwhile the Austrians were concentrating their forces at Alessandria, their main supply base.
Bonaparte's forces now marched most of his force east to take the cities of Milan & Pavia leaving a cavalry screen to cover his own line of communication.  Suchet marched unopposed all the way to Asti. Ott left a garison at Genoa & marched to join Melas at Alessandria.

Victor took Piacanza on June 6.   The real Bonaparte got there 5 days faster, but he didn't pause to capture an entire corps.

Having now cut Melas' line of communication with Vienna, Bonaparte turned back to the west.  Victor & Duhesme marched south of the Po towards Alessandria with part of Murat's cavalry going ahead.  The rest of the French crossed the Po north of Alessandria to a position north of a range of wooded hills running E-W south of the Po & half a day's march north of Alessandria.

Large Austrian cavalry parties had previously been sent east & north of Alessandria, but went back before the French had advanced that far, so returned without finding much to report & Melas remained unsure of where the main French army was.

Suchet had found Austrian cavalry at Asti & turned west to Turin.  There he found the Piedamontese garrison commander was a closet Bonapartist & gave up the city.  With communications restored with Bonaparte, Suchet was ordered to march back east to Asti & on to join Bonaparte.

By June 18 almost all the French & Austrian armies were concentrated around Alessandria.  The Austrians in and to the south of the city, 2 French Corps near Marengo to the east, the main French army west of Valenza (north of Alessandria).

Bonaparte then made a bold move to break the deadlock by leaving Suchet & Moncey as a rearguard, marching east to throw a pontoon bridge over the Bermida between Velenza & Sale & moving the rest of his army toward Marengo to join Victor & Duhesme.  But at the same time, the Austrians finally made a move.  Melas moved almost his entire army north towards Suchet & Moncey while Bonaparte's forces were scattered with 2 corps north of Alessandria & 5 to the east of it.

Alessandria is a walled city on the south bank of the Tanaro with a huge star fortress on the north bank.  When he moved north, Melas left a garrison behind in the city to hold off the French coming through Marengo.

Melas didn't know it, but he had the opportunity to attack Suchet & Moncey's 17,000 men with 60,000 men.  But the French occupied a position in an area of broken wooded ground that ran in a band E-W between the Po & Tanaro Rivers.  Previous wargames had educated Melas that the French infantry's superior skirmish ability made fighting them in rough ground a hard task for the Austrians, wedded as they are to linear tactics.  He also had no idea where Bonaparte actually was as his manouvres were hidden by a range of wooded hills.  Melas deployed his advance guard about the village of Castella Montferato on a ridge just south of Moncey & Suchet & deployed his main force behind them.  On June 21 he sent out his cavalry to find Bonaparte.  The hilly wooded country limited the amount of intel the cavalry could obtain, but while the cavalry reported no French to the west & none to east of Valle San Bartolomeo, it was pushed back down the valley of the road to Valenza by superior numbers of French cavalry.


While Melas had hesitated, Bonaparte had abruptly changed his plan.  His troops to the east about faced & force marched back over the pontoon bridge.  Duhesme followed, leaving Victor's 2nd division to cross the Bermida west of Marengo, move up to the walls of Alessandria & commence a bombardment.  By the morning of the 22nd, Suchet & Moncey were no longer alone.  They were now the right flank of the French army deployed on a 10km front in a concave arc in hilly wooded ground that substantially hid them from the Austrians.

Like the real thing, the campaign has lead to a potentially decisive battle near Alessandria. This time to the north of it rather than to the west at Marengo.  Both sides have most their available forces near the battlefield.  The Austrians are missing only garrisons at Genoa & Alessandria and Vukasovich's Corps (cut off & captured).  The French are missing the Genoa garrison (captured after seige), Victor's 2nd division (on the other side of Alessandria), a few casualties, and some garrison detachments.


Battle of Alessandria

Both sides went into the battle unaware of the exact size of the the enemy force & thinking they are outnumbered.  Only the French actually were.  At dawn on the day of the battle the Austrians had 60,000 men on the field while the French still had less than 20,000 - Suchet & Moncey in the north & Murat's cavalry on the Valenza Road in the south.  But more French infantry were working their way through the wooded hills on the Austrian right flank.  The Austrians had to suspect this, as it was the only place their cavalry had been unable to reconnoiter the day before.  But even with their redeployment, the French could only get 55,000 men onto the field.  The contrast between the attitude of the two sides leading up to the battle was stark - the Austrians had a bad case of MacClellan's syndrome while Bonaparte was determined to fight, betting that a strategic advantage would outweigh any lack of numbers.

The Austrians had a number of options, including:
#1. Attack Suchet & Moncey & defeat them before the French reinforcements could arrive.
#2. Make a fighting withdrawal to Alessandria.
#3. Redeploy to face the French attack & beat it off.

#1 would have left the Austrian line of supply vulnerable, but defeat of the French right would have given the Austrians superior numbers to attack & restore it.  Knowing the full picture, it's obvious that they should have done this immediately they found Suchet & Moncey's position 2 days before.  But even on the day of battle the Austrians would maintain a large advantage in numbers until mid morning.
#2 would hand Bonaparte a propaganda victory, but with such superior numbers at the start, the Austrians should have been able to retreat in good order & so keep their army able to fight another day in more favourable circumstances.
#3 is what the Austrians tried to do.  They stood on the defensive facing Suchet & Moncey & moved the rest of their army south to cover the road to Alessandria.

The blogs of 27/05 & 02/06 describe the 1st phases of the battle fought over two nights.  The map below shows situation about noon when we started night 3.
During the morning:
- The Austrians have moved their reserves to the right to protect their LOC.
- Suchet & Moncey have put pressure on the Austrian left.
- Bonaparte held Bessierses & Victor back until the Austrians were over-committed to their right.
- Bessieres & Victor have punched hole though the Austrian centre.

At this stage the morale of the Austrian players was completely shot & they ordered a withdrawal. 
Overview at the the start of the night's action.
On the Austrain left they have moved some cavalry to the right to cover the retreat as the infantry try to pull out of the village. 
 On the Austrian right they have neumerical superiority, but with their left collapsing they are just holding the line to allow their centre to retreat.  
In the centre the Austrian grenadiers are stopping Victor's advance, but the Austrians in the village are being pincered between Bessieres & Suchet. 
 The remains of the Austrian left has fled. One square remains covering the retreat.
The Austrian left has is slowly backing off as their centre marches off.

Given their numerical advantage the Austrian plan could have worked, but they made too many mistakes.  These included:
- The force they sent south was larger than the French flanking force, yet they didn't attack.  Instead they let the fight on that front be an indecisive exchange between artillery & skirmisher lines.
- They arguably had more troops than they needed in Castello Montefrato.
- The redeployment left a weak spot in the line where it made a dogleg behind Castello Monteferato.

The French plan was to draw the Austrian reserves south, put pressure on the Castello Monteferato position & cut the Austrian left off with an attack behind the dogleg in the Austrian line & it worked.

The decisive French win means that Melas has no choice but to retreat into Alessandria & ask for terms.  The campaign is over & Bonaparte is going to be an emperor.


Tuesday, June 02, 2020

Marengo Campaign: Battle of Alessandria part 2

Tonight we picked up where we left off last Tuesday.
On the northern front Suchet & Moncey are advancing on the Austrian position on & around Castello Montferrato.  
In the south much of the Austrian army has marched from their starting point behind the Castello Montferrato line into a position where they could deploy to cover their line of communication & supply to Alessandria (which goes to the left of pic).
While both ends of the battle line settle into long range skirmishing & bombardments, Victor's & Bessieres' Corps have advanced out of the wooded hills to advance on the weakly held Austrian centre.
On the southern flank a French grand battery is dominating the ground, discouraging the superior Austrian cavalry from attacking.  Further along Austrian lines face French columns separated by a screens of Grenz & Legere.
On the far right Suchet's cavalry made a bit of a foray forward but was beaten off.  Suchet & Moncey's infantry is slowly whittling away the Austrians in the village.  But the decisive action is to the left of the village where Bessiers & Victor are attacking in massed columns.  Bessieres has taken the orchard but the line to the left of it still holds.  
On the southern front, after the Austrian Grenz had been driven off by the French skirmishers the Austrians made a move forward.  Duhesme immediately counterattacked a weak spot in the Austrian line of battle & made a local breakthrough disrupting the attack.   
In the centre the French have punched a hole in the Austrian line & are wrapping around the village as Moncey & Suchet close in from the north.   A counterattack by Austrian Grenadiers from left of pic has been stopped by a counterattack in column.
We had to leave it there until next week, but it it is not looking good for the Austrians.

Monday, June 01, 2020

Bolt Action Away Game

Chris & I took advantage of C19 restrictions easing to cross the river on Sunday afternoon to play Bolt Action with Sean & Matthew at Sean's place.
We played 2 Normandy games Jim's Germans v. Sean's US on the near half and Matthew' Germans v. Chris' Brits on the far half. Envelopment scenario, Allies attacking.  The Home team won both games, so 1 all Axis v. Allies, but Allies on count back as the US win was very decisive.